This page is the part of Dr. Jae-Nam Lee's Homepage. Here, you can find basic IT/IS outsourcing-related references. If you have others references, please let me know the list of your outsourcing references. I will add them into the list here.  Also, if you need any help and question about IT/IS outsourcing, please contact me at any time. Thank you.


CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF OUTSOURCING REFERENCES

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References in the 2000s

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1.             Aalders, R., The IT Outsourcing Guide, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2001

2.             Ang, Soon, and Detmar, S., "Costs, Transaction Specific Investments and Vendor Dominance of the Marketplace: The Economics of IS Outsourcing," in Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns and Future Directions, R. Hirschheim, A. Heinzl, and J.Dibbern (eds.), Springer, Verlag: Berlin, 2002, pp.47-76.

3.             Au, W., Leung, H. K. N., Chan, K.C.C., and Li, M. S., "Outsourcing Tools for IT," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp.1851-1857

4.             Bahli, B. and Rivard, S., An Assessment of Information Technology Outsourcing Risk," Proceeding of the twenty-second International Conference on Information Systems, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, December 2001, pp.575-580

5.             Baldwin, L. P., Irani, Z., and Love, P. E. D., "Outsourcing Information Systems: Drawing Lessons From a Banking Case Study," European Journal of Information Systems, Vol.10, 2001, pp.15-24

6.             Barthelemy, J., "The Hidden Costs of IT Outsourcing," Sloan Management Review, Spring 2001, pp.60-69

7.             Benamati, J. and Rajkumar, "Understanding the Outsourcing Decision," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp1858-1860

8.             Bryson, Noel and Ngwenyama, O. K., ¡°Structuring IS Outsourcing Contracts for Mutual Gain: An Approach to Analyzing Performance Incentive Schemes,¡± Journal of Association for Information Systems, Vol.1, Paper 9, November 2000, pp.1-41

9.             Goo, J. H, Kishore, R., and Rao, H. R., ¡°A Content-Analytic Longitudinal Study of the Drivers for Information Technology and Systems Outsourcing,¡± Proceeding of the 21st International Conference on Information Systems, Brisbane, Australia, December 10-13, 2000, pp.601-611

10.        Hancox M. and Hackney, Ray, ¡°IT Outsourcing: Frameworks for Conceptualizing Practice and Perception,¡± Information Systems Journal, Vol.10, 2000, pp.217-237

11.        Heek, R., Krishna, S., Nicholson, B., Sahay, S., "Synching or Sinking: Trajectories and Strategies in Global Software Outsourcing," Working Paper Series, University of Mancjester, 2000, http://www.man.ac.uk/idpm/idpm_dp.htm#devinf_wp

12.        Hirscheim, R., Heinzl, A., and Dibbern J., Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns, and Future Directions, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002.
Zviran, M., Ahituv, N., and Armoni, A., "Building Outsourcing Relationships Across the Global Community: The UPS-Motorola Experience," Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.10, 2001, pp.313-333

13.        Hirschheim, R. and Lacity, M., "The Myths and Realities of Information Technology Insourcing," Communication of the ACM, Vol.43, No.2, Feb. 2000, pp.99-107

14.        Kern, T. and Willcocks, L., ¡°Exploring Information Technology Outsourcing Relationships: Theory and Practice,¡± Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.9, 2000, pp.321-350

15.        King, W. R. and Malhotra, Y., ¡°Developing a Framework for Analyzing IS Sourcing,¡± Information & Management, Vol.37, 2000, pp.323-334

16.        Lacity, M. and Willcocks, L., "Relationships in IT Outsourcing," in Framing the Domains of IT Management: Projecting the Future Through the Past, R. Zmud (ed.), Pinnaflex: Cincinnati, OH., 2000, pp.355-384

17.        Lee, J. N., ¡°The Impact of Knowledge Sharing, Organizational Capability and Partnership Quality on IS Outsourcing Success,¡± Information & Management, Vol.38, 2001, pp.323-335

18.        Martensson, A., "On Selective IT Sourcing: Choices in Application Development," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp.1861-1866

19.        Quinn, J. B. ¡°Outsourcing Innovation: The New Engine of Growth,¡± Sloan Management Review, Summer 2000, pp.13-28

20.        Reilly, C. T., Rouse, A.C., and Seddon, P., "Benchmarking and Information Technology Outsourcing Outcomes," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp1873-1879

21.        Saunders, C. S., ¡°Outsourcing: A View from Those Doing the Work,¡± in Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns and Future Directions, R. Hirschheim, A. Heinzl, and J.Dibbern (eds.), Springer, Verlag: Berlin, 2002, pp.329-347.

22.        Walden, E. A., "On The Structure And Function Of Outsourcing Contracts: An Integrative Analysis Of The Economics Behind Vendor-Client Relationship," Working Paper, University of Minnesota, 2002, http://ericwalden.net/wip.html

23.        Wang, T.G. Eric, "Transaction Attributes and Software Outsourcing Success: An Empirical Investigation of Transaction Cost Theory," Information Systems Journal, Vol.12, 2002, pp.153-181

24.        Yang, Chyan and Huang Jen-Bor, ¡°A Decision Model for IS Outsourcing,¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.20, 2000, pp.225-239

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References in the 1990s

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1.             Ang, Soon and Cummings, ¡°Strategic Response to Institutional Influences on Information Systems Outsourcing,¡± Organizational Science, Vol.8, No.3, 1997, pp.235-256

2.             Ang, Soon and Straub, Detmar W., ¡°Production and Transaction Economics and IS Outsourcing: A Study of the U.S. Banking Industry,¡± MIS Quarterly, Vol.22, No.4, 1998, pp.535-552

3.             Applegate, L. M., and Davis, K. Xerox: Outsourcing Global Information Technology Resources, Harvard Business School 9-195-158, Boston, MA, 1995

4.             Applegate, L. M., and Montealegre, R., Eastman Kodak: Managing Information Systems Through Strategic Alliances, Harvard Business School, Boston, MA, 1991

5.             Apte, U., ¡°Global Outsourcing of Information Systems and Processing Services,¡± The Information Society, Vol.7, No.4, 1990, pp.287-303

6.             Apte, U., Sobol, M., Hanaoka, S., Shimada, T., Saarinen, T., Salmela, T. and Vepsalainen, A. ¡°IS Outsourcing Practices in the USA, Japan, and Finland: A Comparative Study,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.12, No.4, 1997, pp.289-304

7.             Arnett, K. P. and Jones, M. C., ¡°Firms that Choose Outsourcing: A Profile,¡± Information & Management, Vol.26, No.4, 1994, pp.179-188

8.             Aubert, B. A., Rivard, S., and Patry, M., ¡°A Transaction Cost Approach to Outsourcing Behavior: Some Empirical Evidence,¡± Information & Management, Vol.30, 1996, pp.51-64

9.             Barnett, R. E., ¡°Conflicting Visions: A Critique of Ian Macneil¡¯s Relational Theory of Contract,¡± Virginia Law Review, Vol.78, No.5, 1992, pp.1175-1206

10.        Barney, J., ¡°Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage,¡± Journal of Management, Vol.17, No.1, 1991, pp.99~120

11.        Benko, C., ¡°If Information System Outsourcing is the Solution, What is the Problem ?,¡± Journal of Systems Management, November 1992, pp.32-35

12.        Benko, C., ¡°Outsourcing Evaluation: A Profitable Process,¡± Information Systems Management, Vol.10, No.2, 1993, pp.45-50

13.        Borchers, Andrew S., Information Technology Outsourcing: A Test of Organizational Economic, Strategic and Political Models, Doctor dissertation in Nova Southeastern University, 1996

14.        Brandon, G. and Halvey, J. K., Data Processing Contracts: Structure, Contents, and Negotiation. Van Nostrand, New York, 1990

15.        Buchowicz, B. S., ¡°A Process Model of Make vs. Buy Decision Making: The Case of Manufacturing Software,¡± IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol.38, No.1, 1991, pp.24-32

16.        Buck-Lew, M., ¡°To Outsource or Not?,¡±¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.12, No.1, 1992, pp.3-20

17.        Chalos, P., ¡°Costing, Control, and Strategic Analysis in Outsourcing Decisions,¡± Cost Management, Winter 1995, pp.31-37

18.        Chapman, R. B. and Andrade, K., Insourcing After the Outsourcing: MIS Survival Guide. American Management Association, New York, 1998

19.        Chaudhury, A., Nam, K. and Rao, H. R., ¡°Management of Information Systems Outsourcing: A Bidding Perspective,¡± Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol.12, No.2, 1995, pp131-159

20.        Cheon, M. J., Grover V. and Teng, J. T. C., ¡°Theoretical Perspectives on the Outsourcing of Information Systems,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.209-220

21.        Clerk, T., Zmud, R. and McCray, G., ¡°The Outsourcing of Information Services: Transformaing the Nature of Business in the Information Industry,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.221-238

22.        Conner, K. R., ¡°A Historical Comparison of Resource-Based Theory and Five Schools of Thought Within Industrial Organization Economics: Do We Have A New Theory of The Firm?,¡± Journal of Management, Vol.17, No.1, 1991, pp.121~154

23.        Cronk, J. and Sharp, J., ¡°A Framework for Deciding What to Outsource in Information Technology,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.259-268

24.        Cross, J., ¡°IT Outsourcing: British Petroleum¡¯s Competitive Approach,¡± Harvard Business Review, May-June 1995, pp.94-102

25.        Daft, R. L., Organization Theory and Design, (4th ed.), West Publishing Company, New York, 1992

26.        Davis, E. W., ¡°Global Outsourcing: Have U.S Managers Thrown the Baby out with the Bath Water?,¡± IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Review, Vol.20, No.2, Summer 1992, pp.22-27

27.        Diromualdo, Anthony and Gurbaxani, Vijay, ¡°Strategic Intent for IT Outsourcing,¡± Sloan Management Review, Summer 1998, pp.67-80

28.        Earl, M. J., ¡°The Risk of Outsourcing IT,¡± Sloan Management Review, Spring 1996, pp.26-32

29.        Feeny, D. and Willcockes, L., "Core IS Capabilities for Exploiting Information Technology," Sloan Management Review, Spring 1998, pp.9-21

30.        Fitzgerald, G. and Willcocks, L., ¡°Contract and Partnerships in the Outsourcing of IT,¡± Proceeding of the fifteenth International Conference on Information Systems, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, December 1994, pp.91-98

31.        Fukuyama, F., Trust: The Social Virtues and The Creation of Prosperity, The Free Press, New York, 1995

32.        Grant, R. M., ¡°The Resource-Based Theory of Competitive Advantage: Implications for Strategy Formulation,¡± California Management Review, Vol.33, No.3, 1991, pp.114~135

33.        Grover, V. and Teng, J.T.C., ¡°The Decision to Outsource Information Systems Functions,¡± Journal of Systems Management, November 1993, pp.34-38

34.        Grover, V., Cheon, M. J. and Teng, J.T.C., ¡°The Effect of Service Quality and Partnership on The Outsourcing of Information Systems Functions,¡± Journal of Management Information System, Vol.12, No.4, 1996, pp.89-116

35.        Grover, V., Cheon, M. J., and Teng, J.T.C., ¡°An Evaluation of The Impact of Corporate Strategy and The Role of Information Technology on IS Functional Outsourcing,¡± European Journal of Information Systems, Vol.3, No.3, 1994, pp.179-190

36.        Gupta, U. G. and Gupta, A., ¡°Outsourcing The IS Function: Is It Necessary for Your Organization?,¡± Information Systems Management, Summer 1992, pp.44-50

37.        Halvey, J. K. and Melby, B. M., Information Technology Outsourcing Transactions: Process, Strategies, and Contracts, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996

38.        Hancox M. and Hackney, Ray, ¡°IT Outsourcing: Frameworks for Conceptualizing Practice and Perception,¡± Information Systems Journal, Vol.10, 2000, pp.217-237

39.        Hatt, Christoper W. L., Schlesinger, L. A., and Maher, D., ¡°Guarantees Come to Professional Service Firms,¡± Sloan Management Review, Spring 1992, pp.19-29

40.        Hochstrasser, B. and Griffiths, C., Controlling IT Investment. Chapman and Hall, London, 1991

41.        Hu, Q., Saunder, C., and Gebelt, M., "Research Report: Diffusion of Information Systems Outsourcing: A Reevaluation of Influences Sources," Information Systems Research, Vol.8, No.3, Sep. 1997, pp.288-301

42.        Huber, R. L., How Continental Bank Outsourced Its Crown Jewels,¡± Harvard Business Review, January-February 1993, pp.121-129

43.        INPUT, Impact of Outsourcing on Systems Integration, INPUT U.S.A, January 1993

44.        INPUT, Methods of Approaching IS Outsourcing, INPUT U.S.A, April 1992

45.        Jurison, Jaak, ¡°The Role of Risk and Return in Information Technology Outsourcing Decisions,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.239-248

46.        Karake, Z. A., Information Technology and Management Control: An Agency Theory Perspective. Praeger, Westport, CT, 1992

47.        Kavan, C. B., Saunders, C. S., and Nelson, R. E. ¡°Virutal @virtual.org,¡± Business Horizons, September-October 1999, pp.73-82.

48.        Kern, T., "The Gestalt of an Information Technology Outsourcing Relationship: An Exploratory Analysis," Proceeding of the eighteenth International Conference on Information Systems, 1997, pp.37-58

49.        Ketler, K. and Walstrom, J., ¡°The Outsourcing Decision,¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.13, No.6, 1993, pp.449-459

50.        Khosrowpour, M., Managing Information Technology Investments with Outsourcing. IDEA Group Publishing, Harrisburg, 1995

51.        Klepper, R. J., ¡°The Management of Partnering Development In IS Outsourcing,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.249-258

52.        Klepper, R. J., Outsourcing Information Technology, Systems, and Services. Prentice Hall, NJ, 1998

53.        Klepper, R. J., Outsourcing Relationships, In Managing Information Technology Investment with Outsourcing, Khosrowpour, M.(ed.) IDEA Group Publishing, Harrisburg, PA, 1994, pp.218-243

54.        Klotz, D. E. and Chatterjee, K., ¡°Dual Sourcing in Repeated Procurement Competition,¡± Management Science, Vol.41, No.8, 1995, pp.1317-1327

55.        Lacity, M. C. and Hirschheim, R, Beyond the Information Systems Outsourcing Bandage: The Insourcing Response. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1995

56.        Lacity, M. C. and Hirschheim, R, Information Systems Outsourcing: Myths, Metaphors and Realities, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993

57.        Lacity, M. C. and Hirschheim, R., ¡°The Information Systems Outsourcing Bandwagon,¡± Sloan Management Review, Vol.35, No.1, 1993, pp.73-86

58.        Lacity, M. C. and Willcocks, L. P. ¡°An Empirical Investigation of Information Technology Sourcing Practices: Lessons from Experience,¡± MIS Quarterly, September 1998, pp.363-308

59.        Lacity, M. C., Willcocks, L. P. and Feeny, D. F., ¡°IT Outsourcing: Maximize Flexibility and Control,¡± Harvard Business Review, May-June 1995, pp.84-93

60.        Lacity, M. C., Willcocks, L. P. and Feeny, D. F., ¡°The Value of Selective IT Sourcing,¡± Sloan Management Review, Spring 1996, pp.13-25

61.        Lasher, D. R., Ives, B. and Jarvenpaa, S. L., ¡°USAA-IBM Partnership in Information technology: Managing the Image Project,¡± MIS Quarterly, Vol.15, 1991, pp.551-565

62.        Lee, J. N. and Kim, Y. G. ¡°Effect of Partnership Quality on IS Outsourcing Success: Conceptual Framework and Empirical Validation,¡± Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 15, No.4, 1999, pp.29-61

63.        Lee, J. N. and Kim, Y. G. ¡°Information Systems Outsourcing Strategies for Affiliated firms of the Korean Conglomerate Groups,¡± Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.6, No.3, 1997, pp.203-229

64.        Leonard-Barton, D., ¡°Core Capabilities and Core Rigidities: A Paradox in Managing New Product Development,¡± Strategic Management Journal, Vol.13, 1992, pp.111-125

65.        Loh, L. and Venkatraman, N., ¡®Outsourcing¡¯ As A Mechanism of Information Technology Governance: A Test of Alternative Diffusion Models, Working Paper No. BPS 3271-91, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Alfred P. Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA, 1991

66.        Loh, L. and Venkatraman, N., ¡°An Empirical Study of Information Technology Outsourcing: Benefits, Risks, and Performance Implications,¡± Proceeding of the sixteenth International Conference on Information Systems, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, December 10-13, 1995, pp.277-288

67.        Loh, L. and Venkatraman, N., ¡°Determinants of Information Technology Outsourcing: A Cross Sectional Analysis,¡± Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol.9, No.1, 1992, pp.7-24

68.        Loh, L. and Venkatraman, N., ¡°Diffusion of Information Technology Outsourcing: Influence Sources and The Kodak Effect,¡± Information Systems Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1992, pp.334-358

69.        Loh, L., ¡°An Organizational-Economic Blueprint for Information Technology Outsourcing: Concept and Evidence,¡± Proceeding of the fifteenth International Conference on Information Systems, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, December 1994, pp.73-89

70.        Looff, Leon De, ¡°Information Systems Outsourcing Decision Making: A Framework, Organizational Theories and Case Studies,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.281-298

71.        Looff, Leon De, Information Systems Outsourcing Decision Making: A Managerial Approach. IDEA Group Publishing, Hershey, PA, 1997

72.        Lowell, M., ¡°Managing your Outsourcing Vendor in the Financial Service Industry,¡± Journal of Systems Management, May 1992, pp.23-40

73.        Martinsons, M. G., ¡°Outsourcing Information Systems: A Strategic Partnership with Risks,¡± Long Range Planning, Vol.26, No.3, 1993, pp.18-25

74.        McCormick, J. J., ¡°Outsourcing Action,¡± Information Week, September 10, 1990, pp.84-92

75.        McFarlan, F. W. and Nolan, R. L., ¡°How to Manage an IT Outsourcing Alliances,¡± Sloan Management Review, Winter 1995, pp.9-23

76.        McLellan, K., Marcolin, B. and Beamish, Paul, ¡°Financial and Strategic Motivations Behind IS Outsourcing,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.299-322

77.        Meyer, N. D., ¡°A Sensible Approach To Outsourcing,¡± Information Systems Management, Vol.11, No.4, 1994, pp.23-27

78.        Michell, V. and Fitzgerald, G., "The IT Outsourcing Market-Place: Vendors and Their Selection," Journal of Information Technology, Vol.12, 1997, pp.223-237

79.        Minoli, Daniel, Analyzing Outsourcing. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1995

80.        Mylott, T. R., Computer Outsourcing: Managing the Transfer of Information Systems. Prentice Hall, New jersey, 1995

81.        Nam, K., Rajagopalan, S., Rao, H. R., and Chaudhury, A., ¡°A Two-level Investigation of Information Systems Outsourcing,¡± Communications of the ACM, Vol.39, No.7, 1996, pp.36-44

82.        Ngwenyama, O. K. and Bryson, Noel, ¡°Making the Information Systems Outsourcing Decision: A transaction Cost Approach to Analyzing Outsourcing Decision Problems,¡± European Journal of Operational Research, Vol.115, 1999, pp.351-367

83.        Palvia, P. C., ¡°A Dialectic View of Information Systems Outsourcing: Pros and Cons,¡± Information & Management, Vol.29, 1995, pp.265-275

84.        Perry, William and Devinney, Steve, ¡°Achieving Quality Outsourcing,¡± Information Systems Management, Spring 1997, pp.23-26

85.        Pinnington, A. and Woolcock, P., ¡°How Far is IS/IT Outsourcing Enabling New Organizational Structure and Competences?,¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.15, No.5, 1995, pp.353-365

86.        Poppo, Laura and Zenger, Todd, ¡°Testing Alternative Theories of the Firm: Transaction Cost, Knowledge-based, and Measurement Explanation for Make-or-Buy Decisions in Information Services,¡± Strategic Management Journal, Vol.19, 1998, pp.853-877

87.        Pralahad, C. K. and Hamel, G., ¡°The Core Competences of the Corporation,¡± Harvard Business Review, Vol.68, No.3, 1990, pp.79-91

88.        Quinn J. B. and Hilmer, F. G., ¡°Strategic Outsourcing,¡± Sloan Management Review, Vol.35, No.4, 1994, pp.43-55

89.        Quinn, J. B. ¡°Strategic Outsourcing: Leveraging Knowledge Capabilities,¡± Sloan Management Review, Summer 1999, pp.9-21

90.        Quinn, J. B. and Hilmer, F. G., ¡°Strategic Outsourcing,¡± Sloan Management Review, Vol.35, No.4, 1998, pp.43-55

91.        Quinn, J. B., Intelligent Enterprise. Free Press, New York, 1992

92.        Rao, H. R., Nam, K., and Chaudhury, A., ¡°Information System Outsourcing,¡± Communications of the ACM, Vol.39, No.7, July 1996, pp.27-28

93.        Reponen, T., ¡°Outsourcing or Insourcing,¡± Proceeding of the fourteenth International Conference on Information Systems, December 5-8, 1993, pp.103-115

94.        Richmond, W. B., Seidmann, A., and Whinston, A. B., ¡°Contract Theory and Information Technology Outsourcing,¡± Decision Support Systems, Vol.8, No.5, 1992, pp.459-477

95.        Rothery, Brian and Robertson, Ian, The Truth About Outsourcing. Gower Publishing Limited, Vermont, 1996

96.        Rousseau, D. M., Psychological Contracts in Organizations: Understanding Written and Unwritten Agreements. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA, 1995

97.        Sabherwal, R. ¡°The Role of Trust in Outsourced IS Development Projects,¡± Communications of the ACM, Vol.42, No.2, 1999, pp.80-86

98.        Saunders, Carol, Gebelt, Mary, and Hu, Qing, ¡°Achieving Success in Information Systems Outsourcing,¡± California Management Review, Vol.39, No.2, 1997, pp.63-79

99.        Schiffman, S. and Loftin, R., ¡°Outsourcing of Information Systems Services,¡± In S. Melnyk(Ed.), Proceeding of Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting, Miami Beach, 1991, pp.922-925

100.    Sinensky, A. and Wasch, R. S., ¡°Understanding Outsourcing: A Strategy for Insurance Companies,¡± Journal of Systems Management, Vol.43, No.1, January 1992, pp.32-36

101.    Smith, M. A., Mitra, S. and Narasimhan, S., ¡°Information Systems Outsourcing: A Study of Pre-event Firm Characteristics,¡± Journal of Management of Information Systems, 15, 2 (1998), 61-93

102.    Sobol, Marion and Apte, Uday, ¡°Domestic and Global Outsourcing Practices of America¡¯s Most Effective IS Users,¡± Journal of Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, 1995, pp.2269-280

103.    Teng, J.T.C., Cheon, M. J., and Grover, V., ¡°Decisions to Outsource Information Systems Functions: Testing a Strategy-Theoretic Discrepancy Model,¡± Decision Sciences, Vol.26, No.1, 1995, pp.75-103

104.    Venkatesan, R., ¡°Strategic Sourcing: To Make or Not to Make,¡± Harvard Business Review, November-December 1992, pp.98-107

105.    Venkatraman, N., ¡°Beyond Outsourcing: Managing IT Resources as a Value Center,¡± Sloan Management Review, Spring 1997, pp.51-64

106.    Walsh, K., Public Services and Market Mechanisms: Competition, Contracting and the New Public Management, Macmillian, Basingstoke, 1995

107.    Welch, J. A. and Nayak, P. R., ¡°Strategic Sourcing: A Progressive Approach to the Make or Buy Decision,¡± IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management Review, Vol.20, No.3, Fall 1992, pp.58-63

108.    White, R. and James, B., The Outsourcing Manual. Gower Publishing Limited, Vermont, 1996

109.    Willcocks, L. and Choi, C. J., "Cooperative Partnership and Total IT outsourcing: From Contractual Obligation to Strategic Alliance," European Management Journal, Vol13, No.1, 1995, pp.67-78

110.    Willcocks, L. P. and Kern, T., ¡°IT Outsourcing as Strategic Partnering: The Case of the UK Inland Revenue,¡± European Journal of Information Systems, Vol.7, 1998, pp.29-45

111.    Willcocks, L. P. and Lacity, M. C., Strategic Sourcing of Information Systems: Perspectives and Practices. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1998

112.    Willcocks, L. P., Lacity, M. and Fitzgerald, G., ¡°Information Technology Outsourcing in Europe and the USA: Assessment Issues,¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.15, No.5, 1995, pp.333-351

113.    Willcocks, L. P., Lacity, M. and Fitzgerald, G., ¡°Market as Opportunity? Case Studies In Outsourcing Information Technology and Services,¡± Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.2, No.3, 1993, pp.223-242

114.    Williams, J. R., ¡°How Sustainable Is Your Competitive Advantage?,¡± California Management Review, Vol.34, No.3, 1992, pp.29~51

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References in the 1980s

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1.             Aalders, R., The IT Outsourcing Guide, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2001

2.             Ang, Soon, and Detmar, S., "Costs, Transaction Specific Investments and Vendor Dominance of the Marketplace: The Economics of IS Outsourcing," in Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns and Future Directions, R. Hirschheim, A. Heinzl, and J.Dibbern (eds.), Springer, Verlag: Berlin, 2002, pp.47-76.

3.             Au, W., Leung, H. K. N., Chan, K.C.C., and Li, M. S., "Outsourcing Tools for IT," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp.1851-1857

4.             Bahli, B. and Rivard, S., An Assessment of Information Technology Outsourcing Risk," Proceeding of the twenty-second International Conference on Information Systems, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, December 2001, pp.575-580

5.             Baldwin, L. P., Irani, Z., and Love, P. E. D., "Outsourcing Information Systems: Drawing Lessons From a Banking Case Study," European Journal of Information Systems, Vol.10, 2001, pp.15-24

6.             Barthelemy, J., "The Hidden Costs of IT Outsourcing," Sloan Management Review, Spring 2001, pp.60-69

7.             Benamati, J. and Rajkumar, "Understanding the Outsourcing Decision," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp1858-1860

8.             Bryson, Noel and Ngwenyama, O. K., ¡°Structuring IS Outsourcing Contracts for Mutual Gain: An Approach to Analyzing Performance Incentive Schemes,¡± Journal of Association for Information Systems, Vol.1, Paper 9, November 2000, pp.1-41

9.             Goo, J. H, Kishore, R., and Rao, H. R., ¡°A Content-Analytic Longitudinal Study of the Drivers for Information Technology and Systems Outsourcing,¡± Proceeding of the 21st International Conference on Information Systems, Brisbane, Australia, December 10-13, 2000, pp.601-611

10.        Hancox M. and Hackney, Ray, ¡°IT Outsourcing: Frameworks for Conceptualizing Practice and Perception,¡± Information Systems Journal, Vol.10, 2000, pp.217-237

11.        Heek, R., Krishna, S., Nicholson, B., Sahay, S., "Synching or Sinking: Trajectories and Strategies in Global Software Outsourcing," Working Paper Series, University of Mancjester, 2000, http://www.man.ac.uk/idpm/idpm_dp.htm#devinf_wp

12.        Hirscheim, R., Heinzl, A., and Dibbern J., Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns, and Future Directions, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002.
Zviran, M., Ahituv, N., and Armoni, A., "Building Outsourcing Relationships Across the Global Community: The UPS-Motorola Experience," Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.10, 2001, pp.313-333

13.        Hirschheim, R. and Lacity, M., "The Myths and Realities of Information Technology Insourcing," Communication of the ACM, Vol.43, No.2, Feb. 2000, pp.99-107

14.        Kern, T. and Willcocks, L., ¡°Exploring Information Technology Outsourcing Relationships: Theory and Practice,¡± Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol.9, 2000, pp.321-350

15.        King, W. R. and Malhotra, Y., ¡°Developing a Framework for Analyzing IS Sourcing,¡± Information & Management, Vol.37, 2000, pp.323-334

16.        Lacity, M. and Willcocks, L., "Relationships in IT Outsourcing," in Framing the Domains of IT Management: Projecting the Future Through the Past, R. Zmud (ed.), Pinnaflex: Cincinnati, OH., 2000, pp.355-384

17.        Lee, J. N., ¡°The Impact of Knowledge Sharing, Organizational Capability and Partnership Quality on IS Outsourcing Success,¡± Information & Management, Vol.38, 2001, pp.323-335

18.        Martensson, A., "On Selective IT Sourcing: Choices in Application Development," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp.1861-1866

19.        Quinn, J. B. ¡°Outsourcing Innovation: The New Engine of Growth,¡± Sloan Management Review, Summer 2000, pp.13-28

20.        Reilly, C. T., Rouse, A.C., and Seddon, P., "Benchmarking and Information Technology Outsourcing Outcomes," Proceeding of the Seventh Americas Conference on Information Systems, Boston, Massachusetts, August 2-5, 2001, pp1873-1879

21.        Saunders, C. S., ¡°Outsourcing: A View from Those Doing the Work,¡± in Information Systems Outsourcing: Enduring Themes, Emergent Patterns and Future Directions, R. Hirschheim, A. Heinzl, and J.Dibbern (eds.), Springer, Verlag: Berlin, 2002, pp.329-347.

22.        Walden, E. A., "On The Structure And Function Of Outsourcing Contracts: An Integrative Analysis Of The Economics Behind Vendor-Client Relationship," Working Paper, University of Minnesota, 2002, http://ericwalden.net/wip.html

23.        Wang, T.G. Eric, "Transaction Attributes and Software Outsourcing Success: An Empirical Investigation of Transaction Cost Theory," Information Systems Journal, Vol.12, 2002, pp.153-181

24.        Yang, Chyan and Huang Jen-Bor, ¡°A Decision Model for IS Outsourcing,¡± International Journal of Information Management, Vol.20, 2000, pp.225-239

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References in the 1970s, 60s, and 50s

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1.      Adams, W., ¡°New Role for Top Management in Computer Applications,¡± Financial Executive, April 1972, pp.54-66

2.      Aldrich, H., ¡°Resource Dependence and Interorganizational Relations: Relations Between Local Employment Service Office and Social Services Sector Organizations,¡± Administration and Society, Vol.7, No.4, 1976, pp.419~455

3.      Allen, R., Madison, D., Porter, L., Renwick, P. and Mayes, B., ¡°Organizational Politics: Tactics and Characteristic of Its Actors,¡± California Management Review, Vol.22, No.1, 1979, pp.77-83

4.      Allison, G., Essence of Decision. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1971

5.      Alrich, H. and Pfeffer, J., Environments of Organizations,¡± Annual Review of Sociology, Vol.2, 1976, pp.79-105

6.      Bagozzi, R. P., ¡°Marketing as Exchange,¡± Journal of Marketing, Vol.39, October 1975, pp.32~39

7.      Bergen, S. A., ¡°The Make or Buy Decision,¡± R&D Management, Vol.8, No.1, 1977, pp.39-42

8.      Blau, P. M., Exchange and Power in Social Life, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1964

9.      Chandler, A. D., Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1962

10. Coase, R. H., ¡°The Nature of the Firm,¡± Economica, Vol.4, 1937, pp.386-405

11. Cook, K. S., ¡°Exchange and Power in Networks of Interorganziational Relations,¡± The Sociological Quarterly, Vol.18, Winter 1977, pp.62-82

12. Culliton, J. W., Make or Buy: A Consideration of the Problems Fundamental to a Decision Whether to Manufacture or Buy Materials, Accessory Equipment, Fabricating Parts, and Supplies. Harvard University Graduate School of Business, Boston, 1942

13. Cyert, R. and March, J., A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Chiffs, New Jersey, 1963

14. Emerson, R. M., ¡°Power Dependence Relationship,¡± American Sociological Review, Vol.27, February 1962, pp.31~41

15. Emerson, R. M., Exchange Theory Part I and II. In Berger, J., Zethlditch, M., Anderson, B. (eds.). Sociological Theories in Progress, 2, Houghton-Mifflin, Boston, 1972, pp.38-87

16. Emery, F. E. and Trist, E. L., ¡°The Causal Texture of Organizational Environment,¡± Human Relations, Vol.18, 1965, pp.21-33

17. Hart, O. D., Firms Contracts and Financial Structures. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1961

18. Hickson, D., Hinings, C., Lee, C., Schneck, R. and Pennings, J., ¡°A Strategic Contingencies¡¯ Theory of Interorganizational Power,¡± Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.16, No.2, June 1971, pp.216-229

19. Higgins, C. C., ¡°Make-or-Buy Reexamined,¡± Harvard Business Review, March-April, 1955, pp.109-119

20. Hinings, C., Hickson, D., Pennings, J. and Schneck, R., ¡°Structural Conditions of Intraorganziational Power,¡± Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.19, No.1, March 1974, pp.22-44

21. Homan, G. C., Social Behavior: Its Elementary Forms. Harcourt Jovanovich, New York, 1961

22. Homans, G. C., ¡°Social Behavior as Exchange,¡± American Journal of Sociology, Vol.63, May 1958, pp.597~606

23. Jensen, M. C. and Meckling, W. H., ¡°Theory of The Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure,¡± Journal of Financial Economics, Vol.3, No.4, 1976, pp.305~360

24. Klein, B., Crawford, R. G., and Alchian, A. A., ¡°Vertical Integration, Appropriable Rents, and the Competitive Contracting Process,¡± The Journal of Law and Economics, 1978, pp.297-326

25. Kotter, J. P., ¡°Managing External Dependence,¡± Academy of Management Review, Vol.4, No.1, 1979, pp.87~92

26. Lowry, S., ¡°Bargain and Contract Theory in Law and Economics,¡± Journal of Economic Issues, Vol.1, No.12, 1976

27. Macneil, I. R., ¡°Contract: Adjustment of Long-term Economic Relations Under Classical, Neoclassical, and Relational Contract Law,¡± Northwestern University Law Review, Vol.72, 1978, pp.854-902

28. Macneil, I. R., ¡°The Many Futures of Contracts,¡± Southern California Law Review, Vol.47, 1974, pp.691-816

29. Marx, K., Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1976

30. Marx, K., Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1973

31. Mechanic, D., ¡°Sources of Power in Lower Participants in Organizations,¡± Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.7, No.3, December 1962, pp.349-364

32. Mintzberg, H., The Structuring of Organizations. Prentice-Hall, England Cliffs, New Jersey, 1979

33. Mitnick, B., ¡°The Theory of Agency: The Policing Paradox and Regulatory Behavior,¡± Public Choice, Vol.24, 1975, pp.27-42

34. Nolan, R. L., ¡°Managing the DP Crisis,¡± Harvard Business Review, March-April 1979, pp.115-126

35. Penrose, E. T., Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Oxford, Blackwell, 1959

36. Pettigrew, A., The Political of Organizational Decision-Making. Tavistock Publications, London, 1973

37. Pfeffer, J. and Nowak, P., ¡°Joint Ventures and Interorganizational Interdependence,¡± Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.21, 1976, pp.398~418

38. Pfeffer, J. and Salancik, G. R., The External Control of Organization, Pittman, Boston, 1978

39. Roe, P. A., ¡°Modeling a Make or Buy Decision at ICI,¡± Long Range Planning, December 1972, pp.21-26

40. Ross, S., ¡°Economic Theory of Agency: The Principal Problem,¡± American Economic Review, Vol.63, No.2, 1973, pp.134~139

41. Rubin, P. H., ¡°The Expansion of Firms,¡± Journal of Political Economy, Vol.81, No.4, 1973, pp.936~949

42. Rumelt, R., Strategy, Structure, and Economic Performance. Harvard Business Press, Cambridge, 1974

43. Salanick, G. and Pfeffer, J., ¡°Uncertainty Secrecy, and the Choice of Similar Others,¡± Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol.41, No.3, September 1978, pp.246-255

44. Senkus, M., ¡°Acquiring and Selling Technology – Licensing Sources and Resources,¡± Research Management, Vol.22, No.3, 1979, pp.22-25

45. Shwartz, D. and Lippett, G., ¡°Evaluating the Consulting Process,¡± The Journal of European training, Vol.4, No.5, 1975

46. Simson, H., Administrative Behavior. The Free Press, New York, 1976

47. Stevensen, H. H., ¡°Defining Corporate Strengths and Weaknesses,¡± Sloan Management Review, Vol.17, 1976, pp.51-68

48. Thibaut, J. W. and Kelley, H. J., The Social Psychology of Groups, Wiley, New York, 1959

49. Thompson, J. D., Organization in Action, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967

50. Tushman, M., ¡°A Political Approach to Organizations: A Review and Rationale,¡± Academy of Management Review, Vol.2, No.2, 1977, pp.206~216

51. Weber, M., The Methodology of the Social Science, The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois, 1949

52. Weber, M., The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois, 1947

53. White, P. E. and Levine, S., ¡°Exchange as a Conceptual Framework for the Study of Interorganziational Relationships,¡± Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.5, No.4, 1961, pp.583-601

54. Williamson, O. E., ¡°Transaction Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractual Relations,¡± Journal of Law and Economics, Vol.22, October 1979, pp.233~261

55. Williamson, O. E., Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, A Study in the Economics of Internal Organization, The Free Press, New York, 1975

56. Yuchtman, E. and Seashore, S. E., ¡°A System Resource and Approach to Organizational Effectiveness,¡± American Sociological Review, Vol.32, 1967, pp.891-903

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[ Final update date: May 24, 2002 ]